Friday, June 7, 2013

Extra Credit Term 4 Evan Megan

                                                                                                                                            Evan Megan
          Although country's political stability was important, it was the economic and militaristic ambition of nations during modern world history that defined their global dominance, as this ambition drove nations to succeed. The industrial revolution dominated the European economy during the early 1800's, and at the forefront of this revolution was the British. The British were responsible for many inventions which sparked the industrial revolution's creation, for example they created the "Spinning Jenny" and other machines that helped to make manufacturing clothes easier. The British's role as a leader in this revolution helped to create a successful economy, and in turn established themselves as a global power. The British controlled much of the world's clothe making. The British were successful because of their economic ambition. They took a chance, creating new technology and breaking free from the traditional methods of clothe making, and it paid off as it led to the economic success, and global success of the British. Not only did economic ambition define global dominance during modern world history, but also militaristic ambition. Around the 1870's, Otto Von Bismark, the Chancellor of Prussia, was an established leader in Europe. He led a nationalist movement in Prussia, using his army to unite all the German and Austrian nations to create a Prussian Empire. Bismark's militaristic success was due to his ambition. He worked hard to bring his nation together to fight for  his nationalist cause, and he worked hard to  execute the capture of the territories around him, and this ambition led to the success that was the Prussian Empire. In modern world history, economic and militaristic ambition defined global dominance, as this ambition drove countries to success.

Definition of  global dominance in the modern world  

Based on the information we have learned this term, the main goal to achieve global dominance is by obtaining political power, economical powers, and military power. If these powers are then achieved, the nation will be able to utilize these powers in the foreign battles. For example, the United States has become one of the globally dominant powers after two world wars because of their strong economical and political strength. When the United States intervened in the two wars, they helped the Allie power to turn the wars around and dominate. Additionally, the quick end to the war after the involvement of the U.S helps show their advanced military power. When the United States entered WWII in 1941 they helped prevent the Axis Powers from taking over all of Europe, spreading hate for the Jews. Another example that shows United State’s global dominance can be seen by their involvement within the United Nations. The fact that 90% of the UN troops were from the United States that helped support Southern Korea in the Korean war shows how dominant they are and how important it is to them to intervene in world issues. Even though the Korean War is not officially over and is at a standstill, there are still military troops in Korea, which shows the United States willingness and readiness to restart the war and continue to exemplify their dominance of the modern world. Will Perry Tan Block
Michael Pioso
Blue Block

Global Dominance Throughout the 20th Century:

         The ability to control domestic affairs, such as citizens and economy related ventures, as well as having influence over surrounding countries exemplifies the idea of global dominance, which is most significantly demonstrated by Germany in the Interwar Period. Germany had been defeated in World War I, and were served with heavy punishments and regulations that would disallow them to rise to power again. Yet German citizens were not willing to accept these conditions, and were unified together under the rule of Adolf Hitler, a man who would change Germany forever. Hitler and his Nazi troops began to pose a large threat to Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States around 1939. Germany swiftly drove through Poland in a month, yet “not before Great Britain and France had reluctantly declared war” (“World War II”). Before the actual war had begun, Hitler and his Nazi forces had used propaganda and large, public, open air announcements to convince the Germans that the war as well as the slaying of all Jews would lead to a perfect dynasty, named the Third Reich. Along with complete cooperation from their citizens, Nazi Germany also had a budding economy that was centered around weapon manufacturing. They had ignored the regulations and punishments with out instigating trouble with France or Britain, and only 21 years later after the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was once again rising to power. Throughout World War II, Germany retained power in much of North Africa throughout World War II, suggesting that they not only controlled their people, but that they also controlled other territories outside of their original realm of influence. Essentially, Germany's ability to control its citizens, recover and reclaim prominence after a major downfall, colonize other territories while remaining a major threat to seize control of much of the world, suggests that Germany was truly a globally dominant country. In other words, Germany throughout much of the 20th century defined global dominance.

Thursday, June 6, 2013

Term 4 Extra Credit

Amy Hsieh

What Defines Global Dominance in the Modern World?

               While many factors affect the amount of influence a single nation has over the world, an important factor in determining dominance in the modern world is a nation's military success. Having a strong leader who holds power over its citizens and its military is also a defining factor in a nation's global dominance. For example, Germany succeeded in rising to power even after its loss at World War I. Hitler built up a strong army, improved economy, and unified his people, and made Germany one of the most internationally feared countries at the time. Yet, after a second major defeat at World War II, Germany lost a strong leader and its status as a global power. Their loss of World War II and subsequent loss of international influence emphasizes the importance of military success in order to maintain global dominance. On the other hand, the US, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union, victors of World War II, gained power and influence as global superpowers as a result of their military success. Britain had previously won the first world war with the aid of the US, where they began gaining more dominance. After the US and the Soviet Union proved victorious in Wold War II, they later controlled most of the UN, which gave them even more global dominance. Although the two nations were previously not as dominant, their military success enabled them to become superpowers, illuminating the importance of military success in international affairs. Military success helps a nation gain influence and more importantly, recognition from other countries, which defines global dominance in the modern world.

Term 4 Extra Credit

Tiffany Cai
Purple Block

Term 4 Extra Credit: What defines global dominance in the modern world?

In the modern world, global dominance is defined as having strong strategic leaders and a powerful military. In the mid-1800's Otto Von Bismarck was the leader of Germany and he was best known by his use of the strategy, real politik. That is defined as being able to do whatever it takes in order to reach your goals, and Bismarck was fine with doing anything if it meant he could get his way. The use of this strategy led to the unification of Germany as well a strong military, two aspects of a globally dominant nation. Despite the fact that Bismarck used subversive tactics in order to unify Germany, he was still able to achieve his goal through a powerful military. In order to unify Germany, Bismarck strategically edited the Ems telegram by turning France and Prussia against each other, "Fight we must if we do not want to act the part of the vanquished [defeated] without a battle". Even though this caused war, the people of Prussia united to work towards a common goal, which led to the formation of a unified Germany adding land from Austria and other parts of Europe in the process. The unified states of Germany proved to be extremely useful because it allowed people to work as a whole. Unifying the people also led to a larger, more powerful military; the fact that they were motivated to work towards a common goal helped make them stronger, which was helpful in winning other wars.  Bismarck's clever use of real politik led to unification, a strong military, as well as the ability to make Germany one of the strongest world powers by the time World War I began.  In addition, during the Korean War, the United States was considered as one of the two main powers in the United Nations. This high status translated to the military, when North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950 and the United States intervened. Although the United Nations condemned the invasion and sent troops to help, 90% of those troops were from the United States which reveals their militaristic power. The United State's influential power and large military demonstrated how countries became globally dominant. 

Term 4 Extra Credit

Term 4 Extra Credit
Eunice Lee
What defines global dominance in the modern world? 

            Based on the informations we have learned throughout the course, the bottom line for a global dominance is political, economical, and military power. Then, under these power, the nation must have ability to invovle in foreign issuses neutrally and legitamately or has an sphere of inluence toward world. For instance, United State has become one of the globally dominant nation after World War II, in which they first revived their economy through manufactuing militray supplies for the Allies during the war. In addition, the quick end of war after United State’s invovlement proves their advanced military power. Another example that shows United State’s global dominace can be seen from the Korean War. Not only the fact that United State was one of the major power in U.N Security Council, but also the fact that United State set up a tursteeship government in South Korea and the fact that 90% of U.N troops were from United State shows their dominance to interfer in global issues. Also their occupation in Korea was performed based on U.N charter not injustice. Moreover, the fact that there are still Unite State military base in Korea shows their unwaining global dominance. Lastly, the democratic government in South Korea demonstrates United State’s phere of political influence. 

Term 4 Extra Credit

Catherine McNamara
Purple Block

In the modern world, global dominance is defined by economic stability, international relations, and militaristic power. Economic stability is a sign of unification and general stability within a nation. This could be seen in Russia, who rose to world power after Lenin developed a Communist economy that allowed Russia to thrive through trade and development. Stabilizing the country internally allowed Lenin to look outwardly in his ambitions without having to worry about a collapse at home. This economic stability then led to international relations as Russia began to trade with other countries to continually grow their economy. This not only put Russia on the world stage, but also allowed them to build relationships with other countries that were in power. The concept of COMINTERN (the spread of Communism internationally) also helped to grow Russia’s international relations as they aligned themselves with other Communist nations. Finally, the development of military power allows a nation to appear outwardly powerful and intimidating. Russia developed their large military and eventually took a leading role in World War II, as well as having a strong arms presence in both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts. Particularly in the case of Russia, a strong economy, international relationships, and a large and dominant military allowed for countries to rise to a status of global dominance.

Extra Credit
In the modern world, global dominance was achieved through unique strategies and a fast come back due to strong leaders within the country. In the middle 1800’s, Germany was lead by Otto Von Bismarck who “was responsible for the political strategy that lead to [the] unification[of Germany]” (page 42 in the Nationalism reader). The political strategy he used was called Realpolitik where he believed that nations should do whatever is necessary to get what they want. For example, Bismarck demonstrated Realpolitik when send out the Ems Telegram to France instigating the Franco-Prussian war. Due to the concept of Realpolitik, Bismarck joined the southern German states to the Northern German confederation by instigating this war with France. Therefore, because of Bismarck’s advanced political strategy and strong leadership, he was able to take over other nations as well as unifying Germany. Later in the early 1900s, Germany uses war tactics and strategies to meet their goals. Later at the Paris Peace conference, because of Germany’s advanced and threatening military, the Allied powers limited the size of German army. Unfortunately, Germany was held responsible for the damage of the war and was forced to pay reparations for the property. Although the negative outcome of the war, Germany’s new, strong, totalitarian leader, Adolf Hitler used his drive for power to win 229 seats in the German Parliament and became the most representative party by using the strategy of brownshirts to influence the population. Therefore, even though Germany was responsible for the reparations of the war, Germany’s fast come back and beneficial strategies due to Germany’s strong leaders made her one of the most influential and dominant nations of modern world history.
- Natasha Snapper, Purple
Term 4-Extra Credit
What Defines Global Dominance in the Modern World?

          Global dominance is expressed by a group of powers who are motivated to benefit their own government, economy and military, and take appropriate measures in decision making, in order to get things to go their way. In the Treaty of Versailles, the five Allied Powers: US, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan make themselves permanent members of the League's Executive Council. The powers deliberately exclude both Germany, and Russia; their two enemies during WW1. The Allied powers set up their own system that forces Germany to pay for the military losses throughout the entire war. These five powers are looking to show the losing side of the war, that they obtain power, and are in it together, controlling the majority of the world's actions after their permanent placement in the League of Nations. Also, the creation of the UN Charter is a group of powers who wish to spread their knowledge about the government, the economy and the military to the rest of the world. The ultimate goal of the UN was to rework the government and social aspects of the world in order to prevent the reoccurrence of WWI and WW2, and to create value in human rights. Essentially, the UN is going to apply their own policies on government, and social aspects on to other countries and nations in the world that aren't up to the standards that the nations involved in the UN would likes these places to be. Therefore, by posing regulations such as trusteeships and international social and economic co-operation, the UN is saying that they are going to go into these countries and regions and try and succeed in hooking these places onto the government and social aspects that are practiced within the UN. Furthermore, the US is an example of a dominant power who takes into consideration their own stakes before taking action. In the war of Vietnam Vs. France, the US side with the France. Although in the UN Charter it discusses the policies regarding which side to take in a two-sided conflict, the reason for the US choosing to go with France is because they are supporting imperialism. The US will not stand for a Vietnamese victory because the Vietnamese are communist, and will form a communist government. Therefore, global dominance is defined as leading powers who work to change policies and governments in favor of what they support, while trying their best to remain at peace, and control the foreign affairs on the global scene.

Diana Katsikaris
Blue Block

Wednesday, June 5, 2013

Extra Credit.. Emily Kandarian Tan block

Emily-Katherine Kandarian
Extra Credit
Global dominance in the modern world is achieved through unification, a strong military, and close alliances with other nations. Germany proved to be a strong world power once it began unifying and building up its military forces. Before 1870 Germany consisted of small states with a ruler for each which made Germany as a whole weak. Before World War One Germany came together under one main leader, Kaiser Wilhelm II, giving Germany access to more land and power as a nation. After Germany was united, the Germans started focusing on establishing a strong military. Germany’s military was so strong that they were able to do such extreme damage to their enemies during World War One that they were required to pay 33 billion dollars of reparations for the war in The Treaty of Versailles of 1919. In article 159 of The Treaty of Versailles it was stated that “the German military forces shall be demobilised and reduced”. The power of Germany’s military was so threatening to the rest of the world that it had to be controlled for the future security of other nations through the document of The Treaty of Versailles. Other nations became globally dominate in other ways. Nations in the allied powers during World War Two such as the U.S.S.R. and Great Britain achieved Global dominance through having a tight alliance with the United States of America. In the Lend Lease Act of 1941 the United States of America, through President Roosevelt, stated that the U.S. would loan supplies to the allied powers without actually fighting and getting involved in the war. As the war went on the Allied Powers were unable to produce and manufacture as many war materials as they needed so allying with the U.S. acted as an advantage to them since the U.S. was able to make and send over supplies such as ships and weapons in order to help the Allied powers win the war. Without the alliance to the U.S. the allied powers would have been weaker during World War Two. Lacking these war materials could have potentially caused more damage to exist in their nations and could have even cost them the war. With the support of the U.S. the allied powers were able to come out with a victory, beating the Axis powers, making them appear to be some of the strongest and more powerful nations in the World at the time. Global dominance in the modern world was achieved in a number of different ways depending on each specific nation. Germany was globally dominant during World War One through unification and having a strong military, and nations such as the U.S.S.R. and Great Britain were able to gain global dominance after winning World War Two with the help of the United States of America.
Emily Kandarian Tan block Mod world history