Tuesday, September 18, 2012
In the writing "On the Principle of Population" by Thomas R. Malthus, Malthus shares his thoughts on his dislike of population growth and ways to limit it. Population control is necessary through natural and man controlled checks in order to stabilize food supply all because the poor reproduces more than they can manage. THe first point made by Malthus was that "food is necessary to the existence of man" and the more people in a designated area, the less food supply there will be. Because of increased population, the food increases at a slower rate than the population leaving people with not enough food. If the population is controlled, food scarcity should not be a problem. A way to help limit the population in order to have enough food is through checks. THere are two different types of checks, positive and preventative. Positive checks are natural and help expose the population to bad atmospheres to shorten their life. Preventative checks are man-controlled and they help prevent large families through the idea that one man has to support his whole family. By avoiding have several offspring, the small families can enjoy their lives more thoroughly knowing they have a lower chance in poverty. Overall Malthus mainly focuses on the poor because he believes they are the main cause of over population. He believes that the poor accuses "the society in which they live and the government" for all their financial issues however in reality, their poverty is their own fault because they over-produce, not being able to afford the amount of offspring they have. Because of the poor reproducing more that they can handle, population control through stabilizing food supply and positive and preventative checks is essential.