Malthus on Population
Although the wealthy have more self-restraint than the poor, the population must be governed through both preventative and positive checks to supply the demands of the population. Without checks population increases while the amount of food stays the same. If the population grows larger the amount of food will no longer be sustainable, resulting in the starvation of people. Without a way to monitor population growth, there is greater increase in poverty along with a lack of food. The first way to control population is preventative checks. If a family does not have enough money to support themselves, they should not have as many children. In limiting families, people will be able to live with in their means. The second kinds of check is a positive check. Positive checks naturally keep the population low. These include poverty, famine, disease, and wars. Both kinds of checks keep the population down so that the resources are not used up. Because a large population cannot be sustained, different ways of monitoring are needed to support further existence.